Ayudha Puja - Wikipedia
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This powerful form of Mother Goddess is highly revered in Kolkata which is why her return is celebrated with much grandeur and ceremonies. Goddess Durga Source If you are in Kolkata during Durga Pooja, these are the popular features of the grand celebrations, you shouldn't miss out on. The preparations for the festival are as fascinating as the festival itself.
A week prior to the festival, the city gears up and can be seen wearing a look of eagerness and excitement as it prepares itself to welcome the Goddess home.
Sarathi Socio-Cultural Trust
On the occasion of Mahalaya, the Goddess is invited on earth with rituals and so on this day, the eyes are drawn on the idols in an auspicious ritual called Chokku Daan. It is believed the Goddess descends to earth at the time of drawing the eyes on the idols. Kumartuli or potter's locality is a famous place in North Kolkata where a majority of the idols are made.
The Procession to Bring in the Deity: The idol is then decorated with flowers, clothes, jewellery, red vermillion and various sweets are kept in front on the Goddess.
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The idol of the Goddess is accompanied by the idol of Lord Ganesh. Goddess Durga is considered to be Lord Shiva's wife Parvati? This takes place on the seventh day, when early in the morning; a small banana plant called Kola Bou is taken to the river to be bathed and dressed in a red-bordered sari and carried back in a procession to be placed near the idol of the Goddess.
This is then followed by ritualistic prayers and puja, that will take place for all the remaining days of the festival. The past practice is narrated in the Tamil version of Mahabharata epic. Duryodhanathe Kaurava chief was advised by astrologer Sahadeva that the propitious time for performing Kalapalli was on amavasya day New Moon dayone day before the start of Kurukshetra war and Iravan son of Arjunaalso spelt Aravan, had agreed to be the victim for the sacrifice.
But Krishnathe benefactor of Pandavas smelt trouble and he devised a plan to persuade Iravan to be the representative of the Pandavas and also of the Kauravas. Krishna had suggested to Yudhishthira -the eldest of the Pandavas, to sacrifice Aravan to goddess Kali as a part of Ayudh Puja. After this sacrifice, Kali had blessed Pandavas for victory in the Kurukshetra war.
Durga Puja Festival Dates and Celebrations in Kolkata
Similar cult practices considered as Draupadi cult practices were prevalent in North Karnataka also but the ritual of human sacrifice was done one day after the Dasara on a stone altar outside a Kali temple. All the tools, machines, vehicles and other devices are then painted or well polished after which they are smeared with turmeric paste, sandalwood paste in the form of a Tilak insignia or mark and Kumkum vermillion. Then, in the evening, previous to the puja day, they are placed on an earmarked platform and decorated with flowers.My Home Pooja Ghar/Mandir--How I oraganize my small pooja Mandir--Shraddha Dumbhare Vlog
In the case of weapons of war, they are also cleaned, bedecked with flowers and tilak and placed in a line, adjacent to a wall. On the morning of the puja that is on the Navami day, they are all worshipped along with the images of SaraswatiLakshmi and Parvati.
Books and musical instruments are also placed on the pedestal for worship. On the day of the puja, these are not to be disturbed. The day is spent in worship and contemplation. The royal family performs the Ayudh Pooja as a part of the Dasara, inside the palace grounds. After this, weapons are carried in a golden palanquin to the Bhuvaneshwari temple for worship.
The tradition of the festival is traced to the Vijayanagara Empire A.
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Raja Wodeyar I — who was viceroy to the Vijayanagar ruler, with his seat of power in Mysore, reintroduced the Vijayanagar practice of celebrating the Dasara festival, in A. He set rules on how to celebrate the Navaratri with devotion and grandeur.
After a gala nine days of durbarthe Maharaja performs a pooja in a temple in the palace precincts, which is followed by a grand procession through the main thoroughfares of the Mysore city to the Bannimantap on a caparisoned elephant. The Bannimantap is the place where the Maharaja worships the traditional Shami or Banni Tree Prosopis spicigera ; the legend of this tree is traced to the Mahabharat legend of Arjuna where he had hidden his weapons of war.
The significance of the Shami tree worship is to seek blessings of the tree where Lord Rama is also said to have worshipped for success in the desired avocations including war campaigns. In the rural areas, every village and community observe this festival with fervour but there have been conflicts on several occasions as to which community has the first right to perform the Pujas.
Generally, the Ayudh puja in villages begins with the sacrifice of sheep and smearing the bullock carts with sheep blood. The practice followed in the worship on two days involves the opening day, which is called Pujaveppu meaning: